Empowerment is the degree of self-determination in individuals and in communities. It allows them to represent their interests in an exceedingly accountable and self-determined method, functioning on their own authority. It is a method of becoming more powerful and self-assured, especially when it comes to controlling one’s life and asserting one’s rights. Authorization as action refers to a form of self-empowerment and professional help for individuals that enables them to overcome their feelings of powerlessness and loss of authority, as well as recognise and use their resources.
Women empowerment means that every woman of our society should be given that much freedom that they are free from all the social and moral control and free to evolve themselves that they will take any decisions for the welfare of society and for their own upliftment in the society. It brings uniformity and equality in the society and all spheres of life of men and women.
Countries everywhere the globe called themselves, “progressive countries” but each one of them includes a history of ill-treating the ladies. Women in these countries had to fight against the systems to induce the liberty and standing that they need achieved today. However, in India, women’s empowerment remains lagging. There is more awareness that must be created for the recognition to spread.
The need for women empowerment is one amongst the foremost significant needs of the hour. There are some ways during which women are often empowered. People should be united to create the cause of women empowerment. One among the many steps towards women empowerment would be towards educating women. Education should be provided and encouraged so more women will be literate. The education that they receive goes to assist them pursue what they need to pursue. Women can have the life that they need to possess and be happy in it.
In the Indian Constitution, it is legally placed to grant equality to all the women in all the spheres of society as men. The department of women development works efficiently in the development of children as well as women. Women’s position from ancient times is on top place in some fields but there is no such empowerment to participate in every field. women should be treated equally, and strong in society. There is a need for the development and growth of women to come up in their life.
India is a diverse country, where people of many religious beliefs are within the Indian society. Women are given a special place in every religion which is functioning as an enormous curtain covering the eyes of individuals and help within the continuation of the many ill practices (including physical and mental) against women as a norm since ages. Within the ancient Indian society, there was a custom of sati pratha, nagar vadhu system, dowry system, sexual violence, force, female infanticide, parda pratha, wife burning, harassment at work place, child marriage, child labour, etc., including other discriminatory practices.
Women performed a crucial part in India’s independence struggle. Some well-known freedom fighters consist of Bhikaji Cama, Dr. Annie Besant, Pritilata Waddedar, Vijayalakshmi Pandit, Rajkumari Amrit Kaur, Aruna Asaf Ali, Sucheta Kriplani and Kasturba Gandhi. Other tremendous names consist of Muthulakshmi Reddy and Durgabai Deshmukh. The Rani of Jhansi Regiment of Subhas Chandra Bose’s Indian National Army consisted entirely of women, including Captain Lakshmi Sahgal. Sarojini Naidu, a poet and freedom fighter, became the primary Indian girl to come to be President of the Indian National Congress and the primary girl to come to be the governor of a nation in India.
Why do we need Women Empowerment?
To remove gender discrimination- Gender cannot be a deciding factor in prohibiting prospective applicants from performing at their best. This will benefit not only the women involved, but also the population, which should not be denied proper growth in any way.
Ruling out unemployment –. Most of the population consists of females. Not giving equal opportunities and employment to women is totally discriminatory which leads to exploitation. It also creates problems for the one who has potential and need for opportunities for upliftment of their own self.
Equality- In this modern era, everyone is capable in their own ways and women are equally capable as men. It is very important to ensure equal opportunity in social and economic fields for the betterment of the nation.
Economic development – Women’s empowerment is also critical for fostering economic freedom among women who depend on their husbands for their daily bread, potentially exposing themselves to violence. This is unfair to them because, in addition to demonstrating individual independence, they should illustrate and contribute to the economic gains of society.
Reduce domestic violence. – Both forms of violence can be stopped until freedom is gained. Domestic violence and sexual exploitation are also a part of marriage. It is important that women consider what constitutes unethical conduct and how to combat it. As a result, education is critical, and education is a core component of women’s empowerment and the result of women’s empowerment is to get rid of violence faced by them.
Facilitate national development -. Women have proved that they are competent on a national and even international basis. Sakshi Malik , Deepa Karmakar (gymnast), and Manushi Chillar are examples of active women who demonstrated outstanding talent and earned international recognition.
Get rid of poverty and unemployment- Women empowerment helps to remove the poverty rate and unemployment rate. Women can contribute economic benefits for society and for the betterment of society by performing their abilities in respected fields.
Social Education Empowerment of Women
Education is one of the most important approaches of empowering girls with the knowledge, capabilities and self-self belief vital to take part absolutely withinside the improvement process. More than forty years ago, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights asserted that “anyone has the right to education”. But notwithstanding brilliant efforts through international locations around the world which have notably expanded the right of entry to fundamental education, there are about 960 million illiterate adults within the world, of whom two-thirds are girls. More than one-1/3 of the world’s adults, maximum of them girls, haven’t any right of entry to revealed knowledge, to new capabilities or to technology that might enhance the nice in their lives and assist them form and adapt to social and monetary change.
Equal right admission to training for girls and women might be ensured. Special measures might be taken to put off discrimination, universalize training, eliminate illiteracy, create a gender-touchy academic gadget, boom enrolment and retention fees of women and enhance the great of training to facilitate life-lengthy getting to know in addition to improvement of occupation/vocation/technical abilities via way of means of girls. Reducing the gender hole in secondary and better training could be a focal point area. Sectorial time objectives in current regulations might be achieved, with a unique awareness of women and girls, especially the ones belonging to weaker sections which include the Scheduled Castes/Scheduled Tribes/Other Backward Classes/Minorities. Gender touchy curricula could be advanced in any respect stages of instructional gadget with a view to deal with intercourse stereotyping as one of the reasons of gender discrimination.
The Constitution authorises the state to not only grant equality but to neutralize the economic, education, social and political disadvantages faced by women. To ensure equality before law and not to discriminate on the basis of cast, sex, religion and equal opportunity in all matter. There are some important articles of constitution in this regard:
Article 14 – Women and men are equal under the Constitution. No one shall be refused equality before the law by the state. In the political, societal, and economic spheres, it guarantees freedom for all.
Article 15 forbids discrimination against any person on the basis of caste, sex, ethnicity, faith, or other considerations.
Article 15(3) empowers the government to make special arrangements for women and girls.
Article 16 ensures that all people have an equal chance to be appointed to positions of public trust.
Article 39 (a) specifies that the state shall direct its policies toward guaranteeing the right to a subsistence for all people, men and women.
Article 39A – To achieve justice on an equitable footing and to offer free legal assistance by appropriate laws, schemes, or other means.
Article 42 – it contains a crucial clause for women’s empowerment. It guides the government to ensure just and humane working conditions as well as maternity leave.
Article 39(c) ensures equal pay for equal work.
Lakshmi v. State of India
An acid attack survivor, Lakshmi, filed a petition seeking legislation to restrict acid sales and provide fair compensation to victims. In 2013, the Supreme Court placed strict restrictions on the selling of acid, in response to a rise in the number of cases of acid attacks against women. The ruling prohibited the selling of acid over the counter. Dealers can sell acid if the customer provides valid identification and states that the purchase is necessary. It is also required that the dealer submit the fine print of the sale to the police within three days. It also made it illegal to sell acid to those under the age of 18.
Special Initiative For Women by Government
- National Commission for Women : In January 1992, the Government set-up this statutory frame with a Unique mandate to examine and display all subjects regarding the constitutional and legal safeguards Furnished for ladies, evaluation of the prevailing rules to indicate amendments wherever necessary, etc.
- Reservation for Women in Local Self -Government : The 73rd Constitutional Amendment Acts passed in 1992 with the aid of using Parliament make certain one-1/3 of the full seats for ladies in all elected places of work in neighborhood bodies whether or not in rural regions or city regions.
- The National Plan of Action for the Girl Child (1991-2000) : The plan of Action is to ensure certain survival, Safety and improvement of the woman child with the final goal of constructing a higher future for the woman child.
- National Policy for the Empowerment of Women, 2001 : The Department of Women & Child Development within the Ministry of Human Resource Development has organized a “National Policy for the Empowerment of Women” within the year 2001. The purpose of this coverage is to result in the advancement, improvement and empowerment of ladies.
There have been numerous organizations and establishments advocating for women, promoting legal and coverage reforms and gender-sensitive facts collection, and helping initiatives that enhance women’s health and increase their selections in life. Even governments of diverse international locations are tirelessly seeking to sell training for womenfolk. These are clean indicators that every one the forces that comply with a society have been together helping empower women. However, many adversities are blocking the approaches to achieve a whole gender independent society.
Women’s empowerment has been one of the most urgent topics, not just at the national but also at the international stage. The toughest task might be to extricate attitudes, for the reason that many boundaries to women empowerment are attributed to patriarchal and patrilineal traditions which can be deeply entrenched in lots of societies. Empowering a female nowadays will lead to an innovative society for the day after today and this silver lining has to be our motivation in studying any gender equality discussion.
Women empowerment also enhances various sectors either in quality or quantity of development of human resources , personal struggle etc. Women’s empowerment contributes to a more powerful community and environment. It entails a boost in family satisfaction and, as a result, in companies where women make a difference. Government policies will not be enough to achieve this aim. Society must take the initiative to create an environment in which there is no gender inequality and women have full access to higher cognitive processes.
 (2014) 4 SCC 427.
BY AAKANSHA BHARDWAJ | JEMTEC SCHOOL OF LAW